NITI Aayog releases 2nd edition of India Innovation Index 2020


NITI Aayog has released the second edition of the India Innovation Index-2020. The index demonstrates the government's continued commitment towards transforming the country into an innovation-driven economy.

The index illustrates that India is on the right path and the states are endeavoring to improve their innovative ecosystem. There is a need to improve the coordination mechanism between the various Science and Technology institutions of government and the private sector.

The objective of the India Innovation Index is to scrutinize the innovation capacities and performance of Indian states. The index provides an extensive framework for the constant evaluation of the innovation ecosystem of the 28 Indian states and 9 union territories. The index intends to accomplish the following three functions: The framework has been shaped post discussions with experts in the domain of index creation and innovation. The consensus was to include input and output as the main dimensions for the index. Further, five inputs and two output pillars were created consisting of indicators that enable and epitomize innovation in India. The India Innovation Index measures innovation inputs through ‘Enablers’ and innovation output as ‘Performance.’

In the India Innovation Index-2020, the States and Union Territories have been divided into 17 Major States, 10 North-East and Hill States and nine Union Territories and Small States for effectively comparing their performance.

Source: PHD Research Bureau, PHDCCI, NITI Aayog

In the 2020 ranking, Karnataka retained its first position in the Major States category. Maharashtra moved one position higher and stood at 2nd spot while Tamil Nadu slid to 3rd position.

In the North East and Hill States category, Himachal Pradesh stands at first position followed by Uttarakhand and Manipur. Delhi stands at the first position while Chandigarh retained its second spot in the Union Territories and small States category.

A brief snapshot of the Innovation Index 2020 is as follows.

Rank

States

Score

 

Major States

 

1

Karnataka

42.5

2

Maharashtra

38.03

3

Tamil Nadu

37.91

4

Telangana

33.23

5

Kerala

30.58

6

Haryana

25.81

7

Andhra Pradesh

24.19

8

Gujarat

23.63

9

Uttar Pradesh

22.85

10

Punjab

22.54

11

West Bengal

21.69

12

Rajasthan

20.83

13

Madhya Pradesh

20.82

14

Odisha

18.94

15

Jharkhand

17.12

16

Chhattisgarh

15.77

17

Bihar

14.48

 

NE And Hill States

 

1

Himachal Pradesh

25.06

2

Uttarakhand

23.5

3

Manipur

22.78

4

Sikkim

20.28

5

Mizoram

16.93

6

Assam

16.38

7

Arunachal Pradesh

14.9

8

Nagaland

14.11

9

Tripura

12.84

10

Meghalaya

12.15

 

UT and City States

 

1

Delhi

46.6

2

Chandigarh

38.57

3

Daman & Diu

26.76

4

Puducherry

25.23

5

Goa

24.92

6

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

22.74

7

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

18.89

8

Jammu & Kashmir

18.62

9

Lakshadweep

11.71


Source: PHD Research Bureau, PHDCCI, NITI Aayog

The 2020 edition builds on the previous year’s methodology by introducing more metrics to provide a more holistic outlook of the Indian economy. The framework is updated to include globally considered parameters for measuring innovation, such as the percentage of GDP spent on research and development, while keeping them specific to the Indian economy. The India Innovation Index is the outcome of extensive research and analysis for evaluating India’s innovation readiness at a sub-national level, highlighting the obstacles that deter governments, businesses, and individuals from fully capturing the benefits of innovation. The report broadly consists of four thematic sections—the first talks about innovation and its ability to drive economic growth; the crucial role it plays in not only facilitating the country’s recovery but also sustaining competitiveness during these times.

Another section in the report lays out the unique framework of innovation and the methodology used to calculate the index, followed by key findings and rankings. The third section provides learnings and recommendations at the national and state level for policymakers to ponder on. Also included are profiles of all the states and union territories, providing a comprehensive snapshot of each region’s current innovation landscape. Finally, the last section of the report consists of detailed data tables for all the framework indicators, along with sources and definitions. The study aims to help relevant stakeholders track the regional progress on innovation ecosystems and inform policy choices that can address the identified gaps.

Please find appended the link to access the detailed document on the same.

https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2021-01/IndiaInnovationReport2020Book.pdf


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