Independent Director‘s Appointment and Responsibility (Board Resolution) By CS Annu Sharma

Brief Introduction of an Independent Director

On a brief go through with Section 149 & Schedule IV i.e. Code of Conduct for Independent Directors, it has been provided that the appointment of Independent Director is subject to the approval of members in the general meeting.

As per the Companies Act, 2013 a separate criterion has been established for the companies to have an Independent Director.

"Basically, we can say that an independent director is a non-executive director of a company who helps the company in improving corporate credibility and governance standards. He/ She do not have any kind of relationship with the company that may affect the independence of his/ her judgment."

The term “Independent Director” has been defined in the Act, along with several new requirements relating to new requirements relating to their appointment, duties, role, and responsibilities. The provisions relating to appointment of Independent directors are contained in Section 149 of the Companies Act, 2013 should be read along with Rule 4 and Rule 5 of the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014.

Therefore, there are two ways for the appointment of Independent Directors in a Company either in the Board meeting as Additional Director (Non-Executive & Independent) or either directly in the General meeting i.e. Annual General Meeting or Extra-Ordinary General Meeting.

Given below is the draft of Board Resolution for the appointment of Independent Director in Board Meeting who shall hold the office up to general meeting & afterwards, appointed as a Director in General Meeting.

Applicability On Appointing An Independent Director

Listed Public Company

Every listed public company shall have at least one-third of a total number of directors as independent directors.

Any fraction contained in that one-third shall be rounded off as one.

Unlisted Public Company

The Central Government may prescribe the minimum number of independent directors in case of any class (es) of public companies.

As per Rule 4 of the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, the following classes of companies shall have at least 2 directors as independent directors.
  • Public Companies with paid-up share capital of 10 crores or more.
  • Public Companies with a turnover of 100 crores or more.
  • Public Companies with aggregate outstanding loans, debentures, and deposits, exceeding  Rs. 50 crore
Every independent director shall, at first meeting of the board in which he participates as a director and thereafter at the first meeting of the Board in every financial year or when a situation arise which effects his status of independence.

The terms and conditions of appointment of independent directors shall also be posted on the company’s website.

Role of an Independent Director

Independent Director acts as a guide, coach, and mentor to the Company. The role includes improving corporate credibility and governance standards by working as a watchdog and help in managing risk. Independent directors are responsible for ensuring better governance by actively involving in various committees set up by the company.

The independent directors are required because they perform the following important role:

1. facilitate withstanding and countering pressures from owners;

2. fulfil a useful role in succession planning;

3. on issues such as strategy, performance, risk management, resources, key appointments and standards of conduct he must support in gaining independent judgment to bear on the board’s deliberations

4. while evaluating the performance of board and management of the company bring an objective view

5. scrutinizing, monitoring and reporting management’s performance regarding goals and objectives agreed upon in the board meetings

6. safeguard the interests of all stakeholders, particularly the minority shareholders;

7. balance the conflicting interest of the stakeholders;

8. satisfying themselves that financial controls and systems of risk management are in operation and check on the integrity of financial information

9. in situations of conflict between management and shareholder’s interest, aim towards the solutions which are in the best interest of the company

10. establishing the suitable levels of remuneration of

  • executive directors,
  • key managerial personnel
  • senior management
Duties of an Independent Director

The Independent Directors shall:

1. undertake appropriate induction and regularly update and refresh their skills, knowledge, and familiarity with the company

2. attempt to attend the company’s  general meetings

3. attempt to attend BOD’s meetings and board committees meeting being a member

4. have adequate knowledge about the company and the external environment in which it operates

5. report matters concerning the unethical behaviour, actual or suspected fraud or violation of the company’s code of conduct or ethics policy

6. acting within his authority, assist in protecting the legitimate interests of the company, shareholders and its employees

7. not to unfairly obstruct the functioning of the company or committee of the Board

8. participate in the Board’s committee being chairpersons or members of that committee

9. not to disclose confidential information, including commercial secrets, technologies, advertising and sales promotion plans, unpublished price sensitive information, unless such disclosure is expressly approved by the Board or required by law

10. Ascertain and ensure that the company has an adequate and functional vigil mechanism and to ensure that the interests of a person who uses such a mechanism are not prejudicially affected on account of such use.
Other Provisions related to Independent Directors under Companies Act, 2013:

1. Companies that trigger the conditions of the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee of the Board to formulate and monitor the CSR policy of a Company. The Companies Act, 2013 requires the CSR Committee to consist of at least three directors, including at least one independent director.

2. Where a company is not required to appoint an independent director, it shall have in its Corporate Social Responsibility Committee two or more directors.

3. Independent director’s appointment process must be independent of the company’s management. Databank may be used to appoint an independent director

4. Every independent director shall give a declaration that he meets the criteria of independence when:

  • he attends the first board meeting as a director;
  • in every financial year, at the first meeting of the board of directors
  • when a situation arises which affects his status of independence being an independent director
5. The independent director shall be appointed for a maximum term of 5 years. The term shall not be more than 2 consecutive terms. He shall be re-appointed only by special resolution by the company.

6. Any vacancy in the office of independent director shall be filled in the very next Board Meeting or within 3 months of such vacancy, whichever is later.

7. A person must be an independent director in not more than seven  listed companies at a time

8. An independent director shall not retire by rotation and shall not be included in “total number of directors’ for the purpose of computation of rotational directors.

9. A person can be appointed as an alternate director. But he must be qualified to be appointed as an independent director.

10. A small shareholder director shall be considered as an independent director, if-

  • he is eligible for appointment as an independent director u/s 149 (6), 
  • he gives a declaration of his independent u/s 149(7).
  • If the Board meeting is called at shorter notice so as to transact some urgent business, then the presence of at least 1 independent director is mandatory. In absence of any independent director, a decision shall be circulated to all the directors and later approved by at least 1 independent director.
Board Resolution for Appointment Of Independent Director Under Companies Act, 2013


Appointment Of (Name Of Director) As An Additional Director (Non-Executive & Independent)

“RESOLVED THAT pursuant to the provisions of Section 149, 150, 152 read with schedule IV and Section 161(1) read with Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, and other applicable provisions, sections, rules of the Companies Act, 2013 (including any statutory modifications or re-enactment thereof for the time being in force), Consent of the Board be and is hereby accorded, to appoint (Name of Director) as an Additional Director (Non-Executive & Independent) on the Board of the Company w.e.f. ______________ to hold office till the conclusion of the next Annual General Meeting and subject to the approval of the members in the ensuing General Meeting, for appointment as an Independent Director to hold office for a term up to ________ consecutive years from the date of ensuing general meeting.

“RESOLVED FURTHER THAT any of the Directors for the time being be and are hereby severally authorized to sign and execute all such documents and papers (including appointment letter etc.) as may be required for the purpose and file necessary e-form with the Registrar of Companies and to do all such acts, deeds and things as may considered expedient and necessary in this regard.

“RESOLVED FURTHER THAT any one of the Directors for the time being be and are hereby severally authorised to sign the certified true copy of the resolution of the resolution to be given as and when required.

                          //Certified true Copy//

For (Name of the Company)

Name of Director
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