The GST council met for the 22nd time on 06-10-2017 and announced major changes which included cutting in taxes of various items and announced various measures to support exporters and small businesses, three months after the new GST taxation system was launched.
"It's almost three months since GST roll out, returns have been filed for first two months as well. So it was a time to deliberate on its effect on various trades and the transition," Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in a press briefing after the meeting of GST Council.
Exporters to get IGST relief for 6 months
SMEs with annual turnover of Rs 1.5 crore will be allowed to file quarterly returns
E-wallet gateway will be developed and introduced after six months
Group of Ministers to decide on bringing down the rate for AC restaurants to 12 percent
Reverse charge mechanism suspended till March 2018
MAJOR DECISIONS TAKEN IN 22ND GST COUNCIL MEETING
1. Composition Scheme Limit enhanced to Rs. 1.00 Cr with 1% Tax for Traders, 2% for Manufacturrs & 5% for Restaurent
2. Filing of Returns upto Turnover of Rs. 1.50 Cr - Quarterly (Non Composition Assessee)
3. Refund to Exporters - To be Started from 10.10.2017 for July Month & 18.10.2017 for August Month manually
4. From now Onwards Refund will be granted immediately after filing the Return to the Exporters
5. Postponement of RCM till Dt. 31.03.2018
6. E way Bill implementation postponed till April 2018
7. PAN not needed for Jewellery below Rs. 2.00 Lacs
8. 5 Member Committee to be Constituted for review of Rate of GST for Restaurant & Inter State Sales Transaction for Composition Assessee and Exclusion of Exempted Goods from Total Turnover and ITC to Manufacturers opting Composition Scheme
9. E-Wallet Facility to Exporters from April 2018
10. Advance Licence Holder, 100% EOU, & EPCG Holder can export @ 0.1% till 31.03.2018
11. Exemption from Inter State Service from RCM if Service Provider is having below 20.00 Lacs Turnover
12. TDS / TCS postponed till April 2018
13. Rate of GST changed for 32 Items
14. Man Made Yarn to be Taxed at 12% in stead of 18%
15. Services Job Work of Jari from 12% to 5%
16. Printing Job work 5%
17. Govt. Contracts involving High Element of Labour @5%
18. Leasing of Vehicle abatement of 65% which are contracted before 01.07.2017
Sops for exporters
Keeping in view of the liquidity problem being faced by the exporters, the Council has decided to immediately start refund process for the month of July by 10th October while exporters can get refund of August by 18th October. For the remainder of the fiscal, they will operate under an exempted category paying a nominal 0.1 per cent GST.
"As a long term solution, an e-wallet will be created for every exporter where a notional amount will be given in advance...the refund will be offset later against that amount," Jaitley said. The e-wallet option will be launched by 1st April, Jaitley added.
For Small Businesses
Jaitley also revealed that about 72 lakh taxpayers have been migrated to the GST system while 25-26 lakh are new taxpayers under the new taxation system. He said that a majority of them have less than Rs 1 crore of turnover and though their tax input is low, the burden of compliance is too high on them.
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Hence the GST Council has decided to increase the limit of composition scheme to Rs 1 crore from current Rs 75 lakh for small businesses. So the small businesses can now file returns on a quarterly basis. This, Jaitley said, has been done to increase compliance. So far, over 15 lakh out of the 90 lakh registered businesses have opted for the composition scheme.
The tax rate for traders of goods in the composition scheme is 1 per cent, while it is 2 per cent for manufacturers and 5 per cent for suppliers of food or drinks for human consumption (without alcohol).
Service providers cannot opt for the composition scheme. The scheme allows small businesses, including eateries, to pay 1-5 percent tax without having to deal with the three- stage filing process.
The scheme cannot be opted by supplier of services other than restaurant related services; manufacturer of ice cream, pan masala, or tobacco; casual taxable person or a non- resident taxable person; and businesses which supply goods through an e-commerce operator.
No input tax credit can be claimed by those opting for composition scheme. Also, the taxpayer can only make intra-state supply (sell in the same state) and cannot undertake inter-state supply of goods. Businesses with annual turnover of up to Rs 1.5 crore, which constitute 90 per cent of the taxpayer base but pay only 5-6 per cent of total tax, have been allowed to file quarterly income returns and pay tax instead of the current provision of monthly filings.
Jaitley said big taxpayers, who contribute 94-95 per cent of the total taxes, will continue to file monthly returns and pay taxes on a monthly basis.
Also, a group of ministers has been asked to go into the issue of extending the composition scheme on inter-state sales as well as rationalising taxes on restaurants.
The switchover to quarterly tax filing for small and medium businesses would happen from October 1 and they will have to file monthly returns for the first three months of GST, which was implemented from July 1, he said.
Meanwhile, Jaitley said the Council also decided to cut GST rate on 27 common use items. GST on unbranded namkeen, unbranded ayurvedic medicine, sliced dried mango and khakra has been cut to 5 per cent from 12 per cent, while the same on man-made yarn used in textile sector has been reduced to 12 per cent from 18 per cent.
Tax on stationery items, stones used for flooring (other than marble and granite), diesel engine parts and pump parts has been cut to 18 per cent from 28 per cent. GST on e-waste has been slashed to 5 per cent from 28 per cent.
Food packets given to school kids under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) will attract 5 per cent tax instead of 12 per cent.
Job works like zari, imitation, food items and printing items would attract 5 per cent tax instead of 12 per cent. Government contracts involving high amount of labour will be levied 5 per cent GST instead of 12 per cent in order to contain cost of those programmes, he said.
Service providers with revenue below Rs 20 lakh have been exempted from iGST as well.
GST, which was launched in July, is a landmark reform which turned India's 29 states into a single market for the first time.
But small and medium-sized enterprises, crucial to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's plans to create millions more of jobs, have been hurt by the massive tax overhaul that added layers of extra bureaucracy for firms and hit exports.
Next Meeting on Dt. 09.11.2017 & 10.11.2017 at Guwahati.
Compiled By CS Gaurav Kumar Co-Founder: Compliance Calendar LLP
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