Disaster of Pollution with other revivals By Aditya Lahoti



The word pollution comes from Latin word pollute that simply means contamination.

Hence, in layman terms, it means contamination of environment.

Spell mean of Pollution:


P = Palpitate of Humans Life O = Ornate

L = lethal for humans

L = load on human body T = total thunder in life I = Injurious

O = Overdose

N = Nature/Nation
Pollution types:
 
Pollution  various types  of  pollution  is  been  faced  by  today  world  such  as  WATER POLLUTION, LAND POLLUTION, AIR POLLUTION & NOISE POLLUTION this pollution are the major pollution taking place and that to at a large scale. This has effected Mother Earth & Environment dreadfully.
 
WATER is one of the most important natural resources on the planet which is one
of the necessary elements to sustain life on earth. Addition of harmful products, chemicals & microorganism to water which make it contaminate all source of waters includes stream, lake, ocean etc. is commonly known as Water Pollution.   Every day, 2 million tons of sewage and industrial and agricultural waste are discharged into the world’s water.
 
CAUSES OF IT:
  • Substances such as chemical, biological or physical materials that deteriorate the quality of water and the lives associated with
  • Main cause of water is due to industrial wastes which are directly dumped into the sea of lakes making the water unfit for fishes and other organisms living in the water, domestic and farm wastes, oil spills, pesticides, as well as mining and agricultural
TYPES OF WTAER CONTAMINATION:
  • AGRICULTURE: Agricultural sector is the biggest consumer of freshwater
resources which includes farming and livestock production using about 70 percent of earths water, but its also a serious water polluter. All around the world agricultural sector is the leading cause of water degradation. Whenever it rains pesticides, fertilizers, animal wastes wash all of the bacteria into waterways.
  • SEWAGE AND WASTEWATER: Simple words used water is waste
Showers, toilets, industry & agricultural activity left over or used water is called waste water.
 
HUMAN HEALTH IMPACT:
  • Worldwide, infectious diseases such as waterborne diseases are the number one killer of children under five years old and more people die from unsafe water annually than from all forms of violence, including
  • Unsafe water causes 4 billion cases of diarrhea each year, and results in 2.2 million deaths, mostly of children under five. This means that 15% of child deaths each year are attributable to diarrhea - a child dying every 15 seconds. In India alone, the single largest cause of ill health and death among children is diarrhea, which kills nearly half a million children each
  • Unsafe or inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene cause approximately 3.1 percent of all deaths worldwide, and 3.7 percent of Disability Adjusted Life Years worldwide.
Water crisis in India
  • As many as one billion people in India live in areas of physical water scarcity,  of which 600 million are in areas of high to extreme water stress, according to a new
  • India is currently ranked 120 among 122 countries in water quality
  • Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organisation WaterAid.
  • This number is expected to go up to five billion by 2050, said the report titled Beneath the surface:The state of the worlds water 2019,which will be released today, to mark World Water
AIR Pollution is the contamination of air in the atmosphere that is important for
every living being on the planet to sustain life. The common air pollutants the substances which cause pollution include smoke and harmful gases from industries, chlorofluorocarbons and oxides.
 
CAUSES OF IT:
  • Automobiles, the burning of solid wastes, i.e. sulphur oxides, CO, CO2, particulate matter, NH3, smoke produced by explosives and other radioactive particles being released into the atmosphere are the major cause of air
  • Air Pollution can also be a consequence of the natural disasters such as a volcanic
ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES:
  • Air pollution can cause serious environmental damages to the water, soil, and air.
  • Air pollution can also lead to serious threat to the life of humans and well as animals. Due to air pollution it have various effects on environment and Studies clearly shows that effects of air pollution contaminants on the extinction of animal and plant
  • Air suspended intoxicant may also cause reproductive effects in animals. Acid rain, temperature inversion, and global climate changes due to the emissions of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere are other major ecological impacts of air pollution.
HUMAN HEALTH IMPACT:
  • When air pollution enters the body, it can have both short-term and long-term effects on health. See how particulate matter, which is the most commonly studied type of air pollution, can cause serious respiratory and cardiovascular distress.
  • When particulate matter is inhaled, it can irritate tissue in the nasal cavity and cause coughing and a runny
  • Large particles can get stuck in to your nose and sneezed out, but some scientists suspects that when finer particulate matter travels down the airways and into the lungs, it makes the body believe there is an
  • In pregnant people, air pollution may trigger inflammation throughout the body, including the uterus, which increases the risk of preterm
  • In children, air pollution has been linked to lung damage and can inhibit growth of lung function. Its unclear whether this permanently reduces lung function into adulthood.
 
DEATHS DUE TO AIR POLLUTION WORLD WIDE:
  • Air quality in India is so poor that 1.2 million deaths is the country last year can be attributed to air
  • A nationwide survey, published in Lancet Planetary Health on December 6, found that at least 12.5% of deaths in 2017, or one in eight, can be attributed to unusually high rates of lower respiratory infections, heart disease, strokes, lung cancer and diabetes, which are result of severe air pollution in a certain percentage of cases
  • 2 million who died from air pollution-related causes, 51.4% were younger than 70 years old.
  • In total, more than three quarters of India’s population is exposed in air pollution that’s higher than the recommended level set by India’s
AIR CRISES IN INDIA
  • Indian cities,  especially  in  the  Delhi-National  Capital  Region  (NCR)  are  in  the middle of an air pollution emergency. Air pollution has spiked to over the severe 500 mark for deadly fine particles and many more stations showing severe health risks on the Air Quality
  • Citizens are taking to the streets and demanding action to fight air pollution, including at the iconic India Gate this weekend. In the face of this crisis, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) are bringing together preeminent experts in a special dialogue aimed to drive action toward solving this serious public health threat in New Delhi next
  • A 2018 Lancet Commission study found that outdoor (ambient) air pollution causes a staggering 670,000 deaths each year in India. Extremely high levels of dangerous air pollution have become the norm around this time of the year across northern India. With worsening air quality, authorities are enacting short term measures to ensure air quality doesn’t persist at emergency
LAND Degrading the earths surface by improper commercial, industrial, agricultural and domestic activities is known as land pollution.
 
CAUSES OF IT:
  • Dumping of e-wastes and other industrial wastes into the land causes land pollution.
  • Insecticides, pesticides etc also harm the agricultural land and the soil. Mining, deforestation, oil refineries construction debris, etc are the most common land pollutants.
EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION:
  • Change in climate pattern: The effects of land pollution are very hazardous and can lead to the loss of ecosystem. When land is polluted, it directly or indirectly affects the climate
  • Environmental impacts: when deforestation is committed, the tree cover is compromised. This leads to a steep imbalance in the rain cycle. Natural environment (trees and plants) balances the whole atmosphere, because of this imbalance its lead to irregular rainfall, global warming, greenhouse
LAND CRISIS IN INDIA:
  • The agro-pastoral crisis has emerged as a significant issue for the 2019 national Lok Sabha elections in
  • In the run-up to the elections, political parties have announced a number of measures aimed at farmers, including crop insurance, loan waivers and a minimum basic
  • In this commentary, Harini Nagendra and Rucha Ghate make a case that the current agro-pastoral crisis is an ecological crisis; a crisis of the
 
NOISE It is the excessive cacophony in the environment, primarily due to sounds created by machines. High sound levels are Dangerfield for humans as well as animals.
 
CAUSES OF IT:
  • It is generally caused by loudspeakers, microphones, loud music, noise from industries, from construction and civil engineering works
  • It also leads to various types of health problems, which creates imbalance and mental disorders in humans as well as
HUMAN HEALTH IMAPCT:
  • Hearing loss: High pitch of sound can lead hearing loss it could be possible through listening to loud music in headphones and loud speakers, machine’s at factory, heavy land traffic or air or any of the activity leaches high decibel of noise, such as around140 dB for adult or 120 dB for
  • Child development: Children appear to be more sensitive to noise pollution, and a number of noise-pollution-related diseases and dysfunctions are known to affect children, from hearing impairment to psychological and physical effects. Also, children who regularly use music players at high volumes are at risk of developing  hearing  dysfunctions.  In  2001,  it  was  estimated  that  12.5%  of American children between the ages of 6 to 19 years had impaired hearing in one or both ears.
  • Dementia isnt necessarily caused by noise pollution, but its onset can be favored or compounded by noise
  • Psychological dysfunctions and noise annoyance. Noise annoyance is, in fact, a recognized name for an emotional reaction that can have an immediate
RAMIFICATION of Noise Pollution on Wildlife and Marine Life:
  • Oil drills, sonars, cargo are the main reason for polluting marine life as well as wildlife.
  • Whales are among the most affected, as their hearing helps them orient themselves, feed and
  • Noise pollution thus interferes with cetaceans(whales and dolphins) feeding habits, reproductive patterns and migration routes, and can even cause hemorrhage and
  • Other than marine life, land animals are also affected by noise pollution in the form of traffic, firecrackers etc., and birds are especially affected by the increased air
The above mentioned pollution is been, short reminder to you all that due all this pollution we have been faced many difficulties. Because of various types of pollution, environmental pollution is currently the biggest challenge facing world today.

Coronavirus is a epidemic disease for us, but its a boon for nature. Coronavirus have given a great message to all of us. Because of this virus we humans have suffered a lot but, the nature our environment have got stabled day by day during the period of lockdown. Due to coronavirus we citizens have suffered loss in our business, But some of the loss incurred went in support with nature few of them are:
  1. Non-veg market, what? Yes non-veg, non-veg market have incurred great losses due to coronavirus our country have incurred huge loss. Around 1500-2000 crore loss in been
  2. According to Economics Times “In February our company has been able to export only 70 containers of 28tonne each compared to 240 containers in the same period of same ”
  3. Some of the countries have band the devouring of flesh and stopped wild life trades. “ AVIAN INFLUENZA(bird flu) (through poultry birds), SWINE FLU(though pigs), EBOLA(through monkey species, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, and duikers) etc. Have came to humans through animals. Every time due to such types of diseases we have been warned several times to stop making animals their meals. After knowing this we have to stop. I my self do not suggest to go “vegan” but at least we can go “vegetarian.”
  1. Because of lockdown all the major sectors are been remained closed. As all large sector Industries were shutdown, less use of automobiles, mining etc. Due to lockdown “nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, have been reduced to 5 to 10%. DELHI CAPITAL OF INDIA use to have low visibility now which is been increased, Clean air and clean
  2. Sea shores have been left empty all the river, lakes, streams is been cleaned by them selves. In “marine drive” of Mumbai dolphins have been observed and it is been said that dolphins are observes in clean or fresh water
  3. We can feel this according to me now I have started hearing birds chirping around me every time, frequency of birds visiting my home window is been multiplied.
  4. After this huge lockdown OZONE LAYER is continuing to heal and has the potential to fully
Various steps to support environment
  • As we know summer is going to begin we have to reduce the use of air conditioner as it produces chlorofluorocarbons which is the main reason for depletion of ozone layer, instead use
  • Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials. Such materials need to be dumped which will enrich in
  • Now its time to walk for short distance instead of using vehicle if its urgent go use public
  • Avoid using gas-powered lawn and garden
  • Look for the “ENERGY STAR” label when buying home or office
  • Stop using plastic bags if its been used make it sure that, plastic bag should be must of 50 microns or more. Best alternative to plastic is paper bags or jute
Now nature it self have given us a opportunity to reduce all shots of pollution. Its a saying “JO HOTA HAI ACHE K LIYE HOTA HAI” (WHAT HAPPENS IS GOOD) CORONAVIRUS and LOCKDOWN is going to give a huge restart to whole environment.   AIR   POLLUTION,   LAND   POLLUTION,   WATER   POLLUTION,  NOISE POLLUTION is been reduced due to some extent. Now its all upon us, that we have to make this lockdown successful, Lets make resolutions to make this reboot a success.

Author-

Aditya Lahoti
lahotiaditya031@gmail.com
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