Cash transaction that Income Tax department frowns upon By Rinav Khakhar


In a bid to implement the government’s mission to make India a cashless or less cash country and weed out corruption, the Income Tax Department has again warned people to refrain from large cash transactions, contravention of which may result in the levy of penalty or disallowance of tax deductions.
 
Following are the five transactions that Income Tax Department doesn’t want you to do:
 
1) Don’t accept cash of Rs 2,00,000 or more in aggregate from a single person in a day or for one or more transactions relating to one event or occasion.
 
2) Don’t receive or repay specified sum exceeding Rs 20,000 or more in cash for transfer of immovable property and use account payee cheque or account payee demand draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account.
 
3) Don’t pay more than Rs 10,000 in cash relating to the expenditure of business/profession.
 
4) Don’t donate in excess of Rs 2,000 in cash to a registered trust or political party.
 
5) Don’t pay health insurance premiums in cash.
 
Let us study these transactions in detail:

1) Don’t accept cash of Rs 2,00,000 or more in aggregate from a single person in a day or for one or more transactions relating to one event or occasion. Instead of cash, you are advised to use an account payee cheque or account payee bank draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account for such transactions. However, the said restriction shall not apply to government, any banking company, post office savings bank, co-operative bank or a person notified by the Central Government. Section 271DA of the Income Tax Act provides for levy of penalty on a person who receives a sum in contravention of the provisions of section 269ST. The penalty shall be equal to the amount of such receipt. However, the penalty shall not be levied if the person proves that there were good and sufficient reasons for such contravention.
 
2) Don’t receive or repay specified sum exceeding Rs 20,000 or more in cash for transfer of immovable property and use account payee cheque or account payee demand draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account. “Specified sum” means any sum of money receivable, whether as advance or otherwise, in relation to a transfer of immovable property, whether or not the transfer takes place. Contravention of the provisions of section 269SS will attract penalty under section 271D. The penalty under section 271D shall be levied of an amount equal to loan or deposit taken or accepted.
 
3) Don’t pay more than Rs 10,000 in cash relating to the expenditure of business/profession. If such expenses exceeding Rs 10,000 are made in any mode, other than by an account payee cheque was drawn on a bank, or account payee bank draft, or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account, no deduction shall be allowed in respect of such expenditure in the profit and loss account.
 
4) Don’t donate in excess of Rs 2,000 in cash to a registered trust or political party. Not only you won’t be able to claim deductions under section 80G of the Income Tax Act for such donations, but appropriate actions would be initiated against the trust or political party for encouraging money laundering.
 
5) Don’t pay health insurance premiums in cash. If you make any payment in cash on account of a premium on health insurance facilities, you won’t get deductions under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act.
 
The Government is time and again giving us opportunities to declare the relevant information suo motto in the ITR forms. For eg: in the recently notified ITR Forms for the AY 2019-20, one important declaration asked by the government is that of the holding of shares in unlisted companies. The Government is thus trying to correlate all the data and has access to all the information about a particular assessee, which is in a way a very good initiative to curb Black Money and Benami transactions.
 
Also, the Government has these days become very interactive and keeps issuing Rules and Warnings to the assessee’s to not perform certain transactions which might land them into unnecessary trouble. We, therefore, need to take care of such warnings and avoid such transactions to avoid future hassles.
 
So, it is advisable for your own good not to violate the above rules, as the Income Tax Department is seeking information regarding such violations, black money or benami transactions. Also, all the tax departments are now being centralized and there is an easy flow of information and assessee data from one department to another because everything is online.

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